Knots for attaching a rope to something
This is a very useful knot for carrying light loads that have to be removed
easily, for example hanging fruit in a bag out of reach of mice, or tying a
docile chihuahua to a rail at the dairy. No good for tying up a ferry though.
Double half hitch
As the name suggests, this is a much more secure knot. It’ll slip, however, if you don’t hold the short end as you tighten it. It’s ideal for tying a Christmas tree to your car roof rack, a tarpaulin to a fruit tree for your garden party, a new line on your clothesline or for tying off a rope on a loaded trailer. Works best on a horizontal rail.
If the tarpaulin you’re attaching is flapping uncontrollably in the wind, do another full circle around the rail or tree branch first before you create the double half hitch. This way you can pull the tarp up tight to control it before you tie the knot. The knot you have now created is a ‘full turn and double half hitch’.
Lanyard or cow hitch
A secure knot, quick and easy to tie and untie. Ideal for securing a Great Dane to a bench in a park full of poodles. This knot will work well on a vertical
post or horizontal rail.
This knot is designed for quick attachment on a vertical pole. It is an ideal knot for setting up a low hammock as it is easily adjusted — but BEWARE, it will hold only if there is strain on it. Once the strain is taken off, the knot must be checked and retightened to prevent it pulling undone.To prevent slippage while you’re setting up the hammock, leave the short end longer. Then, once the suitable height and rope lengths for your hammock are established, create a double half hitch on the main line next to the clove hitch to strengthen the attachment.
A clove hitch is also useful if you need to secure the middle of a rope under
load, as it can be loaded from both ends (for example if you have one rope and
want to hang two bags of food up out of reach of rats and possums at your camp site).
These knots provide a loop in a rope through which the other end of the rope, or another rope, can be passed, either to create an adjustable lasso-type
attachment or to pull a rope up tight before tying it off.
The bowline knot is often called the King of Knots — because it’s very stable and will not slip. It is one of the simplest ways of putting a fixed loop in the end of a rope for situations where strength is needed (such as on the end of a tow rope), or simply as a starter loop for tying up a big parcel.
A bowline made into a noose or lasso. Ideal for attaching a tow rope to your car’s tow bar. The bowline knot remains strong but the lasso (running bowline) will undo easily after use.
This creates a loop in the middle of a rope. Useful when pulling a load down tight.
When tying off a trailer load, create the overhand loop in the rope a metre or so away from the trailer rail or hook, pass the end under the trailer rail or hook and back up and through the overhand loop. Pull tight to make the rope taut
then secure the rope end (using a double half hitch).
Pull down tight and tie off with a double half hitch. See 'Loading a trailer' in 'Tow and reverse a trailer'.